At any stage in life, it is important to stay informed about ways to protect your money and your credit. How smart of a consumer are you? Take the quiz below to see how informed you are about consumer issues and scams.
1. You receive an e-mail stating that your bank is updating security measures, and your accounts will be inaccessible until you verify your account information. You should:
a. Provide the requested information immediately.
b. Check for your bank’s logo in the e-mail message and, if it looks familiar, then provide the requested information.
c. Call your bank at a phone number listed on the bank’s website or other public source, and ask if the e-mail is legitimate.
2. You co-sign a loan for a relative. If your relative defaults, can you be held responsible for the debt?
a. Yes, for 100 percent of the debt.
b. Yes, but only for part of the debt.
c. No, as a co-signer you only serve as a reference.
3. You receive a credit card offer that carries a rate lower than your current credit card. By signing up for the card, you will:
a. Probably not save money.
b. Possibly save money.
c. Definitely save money.
4. You are buying a new car and are tempted to lease rather than buy the car. Is leasing a car always the cheapest alternative?
a. Yes, leasing is always less expensive.
b. No, leasing is not a good deal, because you will not own the car.
c. Maybe. You need more information than the monthly payment in order to decide.
5. You are making a major purchase, and the salesman offers “zero percent financing.” You can buy now and pay with no interest charges for a year. Is this option the best way to pay?
a. Read the contract first.
b. Of course. You have nothing to lose but an interest payment.
c. Tell the salesman that it is illegal to lend money without interest.
6. The only time you can obtain a copy of your credit report is when you apply for a loan. True or false?
1. C. Call the bank at a number listed either on its website (through your research, not the website included in the e-mail) or from another public source. Do not call any phone numbers or visit any websites provided in the original e-mail. Banks do not ask customers to verify information by e-mail. Con artists trying to steal your identity are adept at creating phony e-mails and websites.
2. A. As a co-signer, you can be held responsible for
100 percent of the amount owed.
3. B. The card with the lower rate might look like a better deal, but it could also be a gimmick. Some new cards offer a lower interest rate for only a limited amount of time, then later replace it with a higher rate. Read all disclosures before signing up.
4. C. You may want to lease, but do not base the decision solely on the monthly payment. There also may be
up-front costs, maintenance and repair costs, penalties and end-of-lease costs.
5. A. Interest offers come with stipulations. There might be interest charges if you are late on one payment or
do not pay the full balance within a specified time frame. Examine all of the terms and penalties before signing.
6. False. You can order a copy of your credit report at any time.* It is a good idea to review your credit report annually to catch mistakes by creditors, and also to make sure that no one is borrowing on your identity.